NEWS about ArchEX 210305
A new version of ArchEX is ready! In this new version, which I call ArchEX 2021, I have added the Deepin 20.1 (latest) Desktop environment. Deepin (made in China!) is devoted to providing a beautiful, easy to use, safe and reliable system for global users. I came to like Deepin very much when I installed it in ExTiX 21.1. So I thought why not install Deepin also in ArchEX?
This version (210305) of ArchEX replaces version 200930. I’ve replaced Yaourt with Yay – Yet Another Yogurt – An AUR Helper Written in Go. I came to know that Yaourt is dead. I.e. Yaourt is not being developed anymore. So in the new version of ArchEX I have upgraded all included packages, installed a new kernel (5.11.2 – second latest stable kernel by 210305) and replaced Yaourt with Yay.
Study all installed packages in ArchEX 2021 Deepin/LXQt.
Why trust a Chinese Distribution?
NEWS 210305 about Calamares Installer
I’ve finally managed to make Calamares 3.2.17-3 (The universal installer framework) work without big problems/issues. Now you can use Calamares to install ArchEX in any language.
How To dual boot, triple boot or multi boot Linux with Windows in a simple way and be happy
Before installing ArchEX or any other Linux system my general installation instructions may be of interest.
WHAT IS ArchEX?
ArchEX 64 bit is a new (210305) Linux live DVD based on Arch Linux. Arch motto is KISS (Keep It Simple Stupid). ArchEX uses kernel 5.11.2-arch1-1, Deepin 20.1 and LXQt 0.16.0 Desktop environments. Deepin Desktop (made in China!) is devoted to providing a beautiful, easy to use, safe and reliable system for global users. About LXQt 0.16.0: LXQt is a lightweight Qt desktop environment. It will not get in your way. It will not hang or slow down your system. It is focused on being a classic desktop with a modern look and feel.
Among many other programs, Firefox (for Netflix), Gimp, Spotify, GCC, NetworkManager and GParted – study this package LIST.
LOG IN to Deepin/LXQt
When the boot process is ready you will end up at LightDM‘s login screen. Login as user exton with password live to the Deepin or LXQt Desktop.
Use NetworkManager. You’ll find the nm-applet to the right in the panel. If your Network isn’t shown it is “hidden”. Then connect to a hidden Network. Just give NetworkManager your SSID and connect. Watch this screenshot.
IMPORTANT: About how to increase cowspace (Copy on Write) while running ArchEX live (from DVD or USB)
If you want to install a program or upgrade the whole ArchEX system while running ArchEX LIVE you may get an error message saying that the system is “out of space“. Then run the following command:
sudo mount -o remount,size=2G /run/archiso/cowspace
You can set the size to 3G, 4G or even higher if you have plenty of RAM, but 2G is normally enough. You can check how much of the cowspace you have left with the command df. Watch this screenshot.
NOTE: If you have downloaded the ArchEX ISO after 210305 you will notice that I have already increased the cowspace from 1GB to 2GB. If you need more you can use the command above.
INSTALLATION to hard drive
ArchEX can easily be installed to hard drive of those who so desire. Use ArchEX Installer (Calamares). I.e. while running ArchEX live from a DVD or USB stick. Please read this INSTRUCTION.
YouTube video about ArchEX
Ike Santos (https://www.facebook.com/groups/Ike.Santos) has made a YouTube video about ArchEX. You will get a detailed description about how to install ArchEX in VirtualBox using Calamares Installer.
Install ArchEX to a USB Pen Drive with persistence
Please read my INSTRUCTION. All your system changes will be saved directly on the stick.
Install ArchEX to a USB Pen Drive without persistence
Can be done with the dd-command in Linux. Please read this instruction. In Windows you should use Rufus 3.13 – see below.
VirtualBox and VMware
ArchEX can run and be installed without problems in VMware in Windows. Watch a screenshot when ArchEX is about to be installed in VMware Workstation 16 Player. Be sure to give ArchEX enough RAM. About 2 GB. Also remember to disable 3D acceleration in VMware. (It won’t work without installing VMware Tools).
1. ArchEX running in full screen on Arch Linux in VirtualBox – screenshot
2. Arch running in VMware in Windows in full screen after VMware Tools have been installed. NOTE: It is a bit tricky to install VMware Tools, but you can do it if you just follow this instruction.
NOTE: For some unknown reason you can’t run ArchEX in VirtualBox in Windows.
Program Management in Arch Linux
Arch Linux uses a proprietary system called Pacman. It is similar to that found in CRUX Linux. Read about Pacman.
You can also read all the documentation on Arch Linux. Four commands are basically the only ones you need to use:
1) pacman -Sy (update the packages database)
2) pacman -Syu (upgrading the whole system)
3) pacman -S MyUsefulProgram (the package installation command)
5) pacman -S –overwrite MyUsefulProgram (in case you get an error about “conflicting packages”)
6) pacman -R MyBadProgram (remove a package)
Note: You can also use Yay – see below.
Errors about archlinux-keyring
If you get errors about keys (for example key A634567E8t6574 could not be looked up remotely) when trying to upgrade your system you shall run the following four commands as root:
rm -R /etc/pacman.d/gnupg/
rm -R /root/.gnupg/
pacman-key –init && pacman-key –populate archlinux
Yay – Yet Another Yogurt – An AUR Helper
If you want to install certain special packages for example Google Chrome and Spotify you can/must install Yay. Study this tutorial about how to install and use Yay – Yet Another Yogurt – An AUR Helper Written in Go. Note: Yay and Spotify are pre-installed in ArchEX Build 210305. If you want to install new packages through Yay you’ll have to run the command su exton before yay -S MyNeededProgram. If you’re not logged in as the ordinary user exton. (You can’t run Yay as root).
Running ArchEX as root
You can’t login as root from LightDM and you can’t reach the Deepin desktop in any way as root (superuser). If you , however, for some reason want to run ArchEX as root you can login in console mode and run the command startx. You will then enter the LXQt desktop. Press Ctrl Alt F1 or F2 simultaneously in order to change to console mode.
ArchEX Build 210305 is now also for UEFI computers. I.e. before you can run ArchEX live you don’t have to go into BIOS and change Boot Mode to Legacy Support.
The default locale/language is English. While installing ArchEX to hard drive using Calamares (ArchEX Installer), you can change the default locale to Swedish or any other language.
Arch Linux/ArchEX are rolling distributions, which implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux world).
WHO should run Arch Linux?
My answer: The system fits the “advanced” Linux user/enthusiast, who would be willing to run an occasional command from time to time.
BENEFITS of ArchEX/Arch Linux
“Cutting Edge”-software and speed. You will for example always run the latest kernel if you upgrade ArchEX/Arch (for example) every month.
ArchEX Deepin Desktop
ArchEX Deepin full Desktop running in VMware
ArchEX running LXQt – just change from Deepin to LXQt before you log in
ArchEX using Yay
ArchEX running Spotify
ArchEX running in VirtualBox with Guest Additions installed
ArchEX starting up live
ArchEX starting up from hard drive (VirtualBox)
When Cinnamon is installed (pacman -S cinnamon)
When Xfce4 is installed (pacman -S xfce4)
When KDE (Plasma) is installed (pacman -S plasma)
When Enlightenment is installed (pacman -S enlightenment)
All Desktops on the login screen
ALL extra desktops can be installed in about 10 min!
ArchEX Linux Live DVD can be downloaded from SourceForge.net – Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.
Or download ArchEX from The Swedish Linux Society server.
md5sum for the ISO file, which is of 2660 MB
RaspArch is a “remaster” of Arch Linux ARM. The original compressed system is of 231 MB. After I have added the LXDE Desktop environment, PulseAudio, Firefox, Samba, Yaourt and Gimp the (compressed) system increased to 1520 MB. RaspArch is a “ready-to-go” ARM system. It must be installed on a Raspberry Pi 4, Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+, Raspberry Pi 3 Model B or Raspberry Pi 2 Model B computer.
A member on RaspEX recently wrote this about RaspArch: I’ve used Slackware, Debian, Gentoo, Ubuntu & Arch. I prefer Arch. Ubuntu is easier to install, Arch is easier to keep up to date. You do not go through big, painful, changes every year instead you just update, once in a while, make changes if instructed. Arch has most of the benefits of Gentoo without the pain of recompiling _everything_. When you do need to build a package in Arch its painless especially if you use one of the tools that support AUR (I like Yaourt). Arch avoids the politics of Debian and Ubuntu and delivers a great Linux distribution. RaspArch now brings these advantages to the Pi 2.
Screenshot of RaspArch’s Desktop
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