ABOUT ArchEX Build 230826
I’ve made a new extra version of ArchEX with Pantheon, Gnome 44.4 and LXQt 1.3 as Desktop Environments (DE). This ArchEX version uses kernel 6.4.12-arch1-1. Pantheon is the desktop environment of elementary OS. It is written in Vala, using GTK 3 and Granite. ArchEX Build 230826 has the same “bugs” as ArchEX Build 230812 – see below.
Known “bugs” or errors in this ArchEX Build
I’ve kept my “old” ArchEX version 220905 on the server since ArchEX Build 230826 (and Build 230812) have some “bugs” i.e.:
1) When installing ArchEX to hard drive using Calamares Installer you’ll have to format the install partition in another Linux system in advance. If you let Calamares format you will get filesystem errors and therefore ArchEX won’t boot. Watch this screenshot…
So using Calamares it shall look like this screenshot shows.
NOTE 1: When installing ArchEX in VirtualBox you don’t have to worry about filesystem errors (for some unknown reason).
2) It can be difficult to configure a WiFi connection. To be able to use a WiFi connection you may have to unload and load the correct kernel module.
For example athk10_pci, iwlwifi or wl. Example commands:
$ sudo modprobe -r ath10k_pci
$ sudo modprobe ath10k_pci
Check which kernel module to load with the command: lspci
Also watch this screenshot…
NOTE 2: The WiFi problem is gone after a hard drive installation. I.e. you will automatically be connected.
3) Not a bug, but to be able to run the file manager PCManFM-qt as root you’ll have to use this command: sudo dbus-launch pcmanfm-qt.
4) Also not really a bug, but to be able to paste highlighted text into a terminal with your mouse’s middle button (which can be very handy) you’ll have to use QTerminal or xterm. It is not possible using LXTerminal or Gnome Terminal. Watch this screenshot…
NOTE 3: The “middle button problem” occurs only when logged in to the Pantheon Desktop.
Aside from the above mentioned bugs ArchEX Build 230826 works very well both live and from hard drive.
Study all installed packages in ArchEX 2023 with Pantheon, Gnome 44.4 and LXQt 1.3.
LOG IN to Pantheon, Gnome or LXQt
Boot up the 230826 live System and log in from LightDM to the Pantheon, Gnome 44.4 or LXQt 1.3 Desktops. When the boot process is ready you will end up at LightDM’s login screen. Login as user user with password live to any of the above mentioned Desktops. You can’t login as root from LightDM. If you want to run this ArchEX version as root you shall press F1/F2 Ctrl Alt simultaneously. Then log in from console as root with password root. Run the command startx and you will enter the LXQt Desktop.
Program Management in Arch Linux
Arch Linux uses a proprietary system called Pacman. It is similar to that found in CRUX Linux. Read about Pacman.
You can also read all the documentation on Arch Linux. Four commands are basically the only ones you need to use:
1) pacman -Sy (update the packages database)
2) pacman -Syu (upgrading the whole system)
3) pacman -S MyUsefulProgram (the package installation command)
5) pacman -S –overwrite MyUsefulProgram (in case you get an error about “conflicting packages”)
6) pacman -R MyBadProgram (remove a package)
7) pacman -Scc (clean pacman cache)
Note: You can also use Yay – see below.
Errors about archlinux-keyring
If you get errors about keys (for example key A634567E8t6574 could not be looked up remotely) when trying to upgrade your system you shall run the following four commands as root:
rm -R /etc/pacman.d/gnupg/
rm -R /root/.gnupg/
pacman-key –init && pacman-key –populate archlinux
If that don’t work you can try this approach:
pacman -Sy archlinux-keyring
pacman-key –populate archlinux
Yay – Yet Another Yogurt – An AUR Helper
If you want to install certain special packages for example Google Chrome and Spotify you can/must install Yay. Study this tutorial about how to install and use Yay – Yet Another Yogurt – An AUR Helper Written in Go. If you want to install new packages through Yay you’ll have to run the command su user before yay -S MyNeededProgram. If you’re not logged in as the ordinary user user. (You can’t run Yay as root).
ArchEX Build 230826/230812/230719/220905 is now also for UEFI computers. I.e. before you can run ArchEX live you don’t have to go into BIOS and change Boot Mode to Legacy Support.
The default locale/language is English. While installing ArchEX to hard drive using Calamares (ArchEX Installer), you can change the default locale to Swedish or any other language.
Arch Linux/ArchEX are rolling distributions, which implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux world).
WHO should run Arch Linux?
My answer: The system fits the “advanced” Linux user/enthusiast, who would be willing to run an occasional command from time to time.
BENEFITS of ArchEX/Arch Linux
“Cutting Edge”-software and speed. You will for example always run the latest kernel if you upgrade ArchEX/Arch (for example) every month.
This version of ArchEX has been replaced by version 240101…
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